Education System in Syria
All the Schools, Colleges and Universities in Syria come under the purview of Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education of Syria. The School system in Syria is divided into 6 years of Primary Education, 3 years of Lower Secondary Education and 3 years of Upper Secondary Education.
The present Education system of Syria was established in 1967, when it signed the Arab Cultural Unity Agreement with Jordan and Egypt, introducing a uniform school ladder in the three countries and determining curricula examination procedures and teacher training requirements for each level. During the years 1996 to 1997, 91% children attended Primary School and about 38% were enrolled in a Secondary School.
Education is free and compulsory from ages 7 to 15. Arabic is the medium of instruction in the Syrian Arab Republic. English is taught from grade 1, and French or Russian is taught from grade 7 in the basic learning stage as the primary second language.
The school education system in Syria is divided into basic and secondary education levels:
- 1st to 6th grade: Primary Education Level. From 1st to 4th grade, it’s called the First Ring while 5th & 6th grade are called Second Ring
- 7th to 9th grade: Pre-Secondary Education Level
- 10th to 12th grade: Upper Secondary Education which is the equivalent of High School.
Higher Education is the responsibility of the Ministry of Higher Education. The university stages and the academic degrees are:
- First stage: Four to six years depending on the field leading to award of bachelor's degree.
- Second stage: One to two years postgraduate degree equivalent to the master's degree.
- Third stage: The doctorate three to five years leading to award of Ph.D degree.
Syria is an active member of a number of organizations that benefit education. Among these are the Arab Organization for Education, Culture, and Science; the Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (ISESCO); the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Syria Joined UNESCO on November 14, 1946. Syria takes part in EDUCAIDS, an UNESCO initiatives to fight HIV / AIDS. The country has one UNEVOC center and 30 schools are part of the UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network (ASPnet).